Political economy of east asia

Discussion Week 3: Kohli, “Where do High-Growth Political Economies Come From?

Question 1:
The purpose of Kohli is to understand via an comparative analysis why some countries have been moreefficient than others in their development construction.
He focused on the comparative history with some countries such as South Korea, Taiwan but also Brazil or India.
Pr Atul Kohli doesn’t accept thethesis of liberal political power which is distorting economies but emphasis on the total correlation between economic success and informed intervention of the State. He has characterized thissuccess as being the only state capacity to correct the imperfections of the market .

His plan revolves around the distinction of three types of state. The first, by far the most effective, is what hecalls the cohesive-capitalist state, model state authority in which the bureaucratic elites maintain capitalist accumulation, determine the formation of business profits significant short collaborateactively with elite private. Social cohesion around the goals of capitalist development is fully secured and reinforced by the state, which is itself an expression of dynamic cooperation betweenclasses or social groups. In this model, which is the case of South Korea, authority structures often penetrate deeply into the social fabric while the goal of national security is seen as impossiblewithout rapid economic growth.
The case of Brazil and India match further to the second model, the fragmentedmulticlass state, which, based on a « class alliance » wider fact that « these states are not inposition to define their objectives as closely and to continue as firmly states that the previous type. The concern for legitimacy on the one hand, seeking social support and political strength, on theother hand, become a priority and are inevitably in conflict with the unambiguous and exclusive nature of capitalist development. The definition of measures and their implementation are only more…